THE TESTING OF ENTREPRENEUR INTENTION MODEL OF SMK STUDENTS IN SPECIAL REGION OF YOGYAKARTA: HYPOTHESIS

THE TESTING OF ENTREPRENEUR INTENTION MODEL OF SMK STUDENTS IN SPECIAL REGION OF YOGYAKARTA: HYPOTHESISSubjective norm was the individual conviction about norm, surrounding people, and individual motivation to follow the norm. Environment role around business owners also formed entrepreneurship intention, in the concept Theory of Reasoned Action was mentioned as subjective norm. Subjective norm was individual conviction about norm, surrounding people, and individual motivation to follow the norm. Subjective norm was others’ view that was regarded important by individuals who suggested individuals to perform or not to perform certain behavior and individuals’ willingness motivation to do or not to do others’ opinion or mind that was regarded important that individuals had or did not have to behave in entrepreneurship. The higher the individual motivation to obey others’ opinion or role in entrepreneurship was, the higher the entrepreneurship intention was.
Behavioral control was the basic for the formation of perceived behavioral control. The perceived behavioral control was the perception toward the factors’ strength that eased or complicated a behavior. In some entrepreneurship researches, behavioral control was operationalized in the form of self efficacy. Business success was determined by individual factor. Successful individuals had confident better than fail individuals in business. Specifically, individuals who had self-confident regarded the success in entrepreneurship was not determined by external factor, but business owners’ confidence (Ramayah & Harun, 2005). Role from entrepreneurship attitude, subjective norm, and self efficacy toward entrepreneurship intention was supported by Segal et al.’s research, Shook & Bratianu, Li, Linan, Linan & Santos, Fini et al, Sequeira et al, Li, Basu &Virick, Kristiansen & Indarti, Ramayah & Harun, Taormina & Lao, Zhao et al, Shook & Bratianu, and Urban. Hypothesis that was proposed in this research was:
H1: Entrepreneurship attitude, subjective norm, and self efficacy influence entrepreneurship intention
Individuals who were brave to take risk would tend to be entrepreneurs because felt confident and able in conducting and developing business, and able to face business failure. Individuals who had the tendency of courage to take risk had self-confident in facing business obstacles, so had intention to start or develop business. itat on
Empirically, it was supported by Zhao et al.’s research result, Zhao et al., Hmieleski & Corbett who found that the tendency to take risk influenced self efficacy and Segal et al.’s research result, Zhao et al. and Raijman who found the tendency to take risk influenced entrepreneurship intention directly. Entrepreneurship demanded the courage to take risk and brave to face obstacles as consequences of things done and if fail, individuals did not look for reasons of obstacles or constraints met. Individuals who had positive risk tolerance perception tended to have intention to be entrepreneurs. Some research found the availability of the relationship between the tendency to take risk and the entrepreneurship intention. Individuals who tended to be brave to take risk had the higher intention compared with individuals who avoided the business risk.
The orientation of courage to take risk had the role toward self efficacy. The successful entrepreneurs’ characteristic was brave in taking the risk. The courage to take risk and brave to face obstacles as consequences of the done things and if fail, individuals did not look for reasons of obstacles or constraints met. The previous research result proved the tendency to take risk influenced self efficacy. Individuals, who had the tendency to take risk, had self efficacy in controlling business situation. Individuals who had courage to take risk were able to control situation optimistically. Individuals who were brave to take risk would choose career in entrepreneurship because felt confident and able in performing and developing business. Individuals who had the tendency to be brave to take risk had self confident in facing business’ obstacles. The successful individuals had the better self-confident rather than the fail individuals in business. Second hypothesis that was proposed in this research was:
H2: Risk tolerance influences self efficacy
The empirical model of entrepreneurship intention research that was proposed in this research as follows:

Figure-1

Figure 1. Research Model

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